Easter 5 – St. Mary Magdalene Evensong – 6 May 2012

It is just as well that Easter, rather than being limited to just one day a year, is an entire church season spread over a number of weeks (here we are in week 5), because resurrection takes some time to get your head around. The passage we heard from Mark’s Gospel just now is generally regarded by scholars as an add-on, inserted later into the existing text. It obviously did not seem fitting to leave Mark’s Gospel ending – as it originally did – with a group of frightened women, who daren’t say anything to anyone once they had encountered the empty tomb. No – another section had to be tagged on, emphasising that Jesus appeared not only to the patron of this church, Mary Magdalene, but also to two people walking away from Jerusalem into the country, and to the remaining eleven disciples. And Jesus is also said to have told his followers to go into all the world and preach the Gospel to the whole creation, casting out demons, speaking in new tongues, and healing the sick. Then the departure of Jesus from the earth to the right hand of God had to be included also, whilst his followers went forth and preached everywhere, ‘while the Lord worked with them’ as the last verse of the passage puts it. All this in eight brief verses.
When studying novels for exams, I sometimes ask my students which type of story they prefer. Do they like a clear beginning, middle and – especially – end, where all the loose ends are tied up, and matters are firmly resolved? Or do they prefer something a bit less neat and tidy, where the reader has to fill in the gaps, or is left with ambiguity and a sense of not knowing? Of course, sometimes a definitive conclusion is desirable, but, with some stories, the element of ‘unfinishedness’ leaves a whole range of imaginative possibilities for the reader to pursue.
Personally, when it comes to Mark’s Gospel, I can’t help wishing those final few verses of chapter 16 had not been added on, however noble the intentions of the editor may have been. Because for those of us who may find the physical resurrection intellectually difficult, mysterious or incredible, the original ending of Mark’s Gospel leaves in its wake so much scope for the imagination. Rather than providing a glorious climax to the story, Mark brings his fast-paced Gospel account juddering to a halt with terrified women fleeing from the tomb, not daring to tell anyone what has happened. There is no Easter joy in this episode for them, and Mark spares them no blushes: they are alarmed, seized with terror and amazement, and they are afraid.
They had waited through the compulsory rest of the Sabbath, no doubt with exhausting emotion, to anoint the body and to lavish care on it, as a necessary part of their grieving – and now it is not there. Anyone who has mourned without a body to bury, or who is troubled by important things left unsaid to a dead person, will understand the awfulness of their situation.
If we enter Mark’s world, we cannot rush to the incontrovertible assurance of resurrection, but are forced to come to terms with a void in which faith is stretched to its limit. In his inimitable way, Mark tests any glibness in our confidence in the resurrection by confronting us with the perplexity of an empty tomb.
There is no easy way to encounter resurrection, and Mark does not rescue the women from their confusion. But, since he has been showing his readers perplexed disciples regularly throughout his Gospel, we perhaps shouldn’t be surprised. He has already told us that another woman anointed Jesus’ body for burial before his death, so these women are too late to do that. Instead, although they do not know it, these women inhabit a pivotal moment in history and theology, a moment in which, to use Gospel terminology, ‘the time is fulfilled’. As an Easter collect puts it, the old order of sin and death has been overcome by the mighty resurrection of God’s Son. In this new order, these women are in the wrong place, for the wrong purpose, with the wrong things in their hands. They are standing in the confined space of the tomb, the ultimate symbol of the old order, and somehow they have to be pushed out of it into the new. Once, at the beginning of Mark’s Gospel, Jesus had come to Galilee with the good news of God, and called his disciples. Now he is apparently going there again, and these women are to ensure the disciples get there, too. They are being re-called. It is time to leave the tomb behind.
Many things in human life remain unfinished, from symphonies, to books, to relationships, and Mark is very much the Gospel for people living with unfinished business. Once the emptiness of the tomb was established, there were indeed resurrection appearances, as we hear in other parts of the New Testament, especially from Peter and Paul. But Mark’s story ends without any tangible evidence for the disciples of Jesus’ resurrection. Perhaps Mark knew that seeing is not always believing: faith is an integral part of the resurrection equation.
It is quite sobering to reflect that everything that has happened subsequently in terms of the spread of the Jesus story was left in the hands of a small group of terrified women and those male disciples who had not even been brave or devoted enough to make it as far as the tomb early on that first day of the week. God’s good news did not depend on the disciples’ readiness, and, mercifully, it doesn’t depend on ours either. Instead, God’s potential for the new life which Easter signifies catches us up in the story wherever we are – and in spite of our doubts and fears.
God’s mighty resurrection breaks into a world of loose ends, unfinished business and frightened people. Mark is the Gospel for people who recognise themselves in that situation. We, too, are called to leave the confines of the tomb and whatever holds us back from faith, and follow where the risen Jesus leads, wherever Galilee may be found in our own experience. When it comes to Mark’s Gospel, there is no neat ending which answers all our questions and thereby solves the mystery. But there is a great deal of scope for living with the mystery and discovering what resurrection might mean in our experience, here and now. For the Lord is risen: he is risen indeed. Alleluia!

About Revd Neil Summers

Revd Neil Summers served as a non-stipendiary minister in the Team between 2000 and 2014, whilst continuing his work as a lecturer in further and adult education. In October 2014, he was licensed as full-time Team Vicar of St John the Divine. He has particular interests in the literary and poetic aspects of scripture and theology, the rational case for faith and belief in an increasingly secular culture and the strengthening of links between the local church and the community in which is it set. Among his spare time pursuits are travel, literature, theatre, dance (only as a spectator!) cycling, singing in a local community choir, and gardening.
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